NCRB data reveals Dalit crimes on a constant high in UP and Rajasthan.

NCRB data reveals Dalit crimes on a constant high in UP and Rajasthan.

The last decade saw crimes against Dalits rise to a grime 37%. Despite the rise, the conviction rate of such crimes increased by a minuscule 2.5%

The surging brutal crimes against women and Dalits, especially the Dalit women in Uttar Pradesh has caused a huge anger outcry across the nation. The Hathras gang-rape and a harsh, secretive cremation of the 19-year-old Hathras victim’s body by the UP police led to several questions regarding the ongoing and increasing violence against the Dalit people in the country.

According to the latest National Crime Record Bureau’s (NCRB) report, the last decade of 2009-2019, crimes against Dalits saw a rise of a grime 37%. Despite the rise, the conviction rate of such crimes increased by a minuscule 2.5%.

In 2009 alone, 33,594 cases of crime against Dalits were registered across India which rose from 12,341 to 45,935 cases in 2019, according to results sourced from the comparative study of the NCRB data.

The conviction rate is calculated by dividing the number of convictions in a year by the number of cases completing the trial in that same year. However, the Dalit crime conviction rate was 29.9% in 2009 which rose to only 32.1% in 2019.

Crimes against women in this nation saw a shocking rise of 86% between the years of 2009 and 2019. Simultaneously rape cases have increased by a shocking 50% during the same period.

Chargesheet rate regarding crimes against Dalits was at 88.5% in 2009 which has come down by 10% i.e 78.5% in 2019. This is a highly worrying trend according to the NCRB figures. Jharkhand and Rajasthan were the worst states with 34.1% and 49.0% respectively.

Unfortunately, the total number of cases of crime doesn’t actually give a vivid picture of the circumstances. Usually, states with a high population tend to have higher crimes rates than those with a lower population. (Source: News18)

With 11,829 cases, Uttar Pradesh saw the highest number of crimes against Dalits in 2019. Rajasthan ranked second with 6,794 cases, while Bihar had was third with 6,544 cases in the state. The number of Dalit crimes have been on a constant high in both UP and Rajasthan since the past few years. Uttar Pradesh registered 11,924 and 11,444 cases, while Rajasthan registered 4,607 and 4,238 cases in 2018 and 2017, respectively.

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