According to a World Bank Paper, a country’s level of economic development and people’s access to the internet determine the feasibility of work from home. While in India workers seem to be especially disadvantaged.
The chances of having a WFH-friendly job in India fall from 19% in the top 10% income bracket to less than 1% at the bottom.
‘Limited Internet access’ and ‘labour market vulnerability’ is the reason why Work From Home really doesn’t work that much in India, according to the report.
Whereas, If you look at Brazil, the top 10% of earners have almost a 60% chance of having a WFH job, and even the lowest income decile has close to a 10% chance.
World Bank says that middle to lower-income countries across the world aren’t ready for Work From Home.
However, India has the world’ second-largest number of internet users, after China. But the share of people with the internet is still a fraction of the country’s population according to data from 2018.
In India, few jobs are there that can be performed from home. As most WFH-friendly job increase with education , but this increase is the lowest in India.
The report says every third job in advanced countries can be done from home. However, in lower-income countries, hardly 4 out of 100 jobs are suited to WFH. WFH roles, which are invariably better paid, are scarce in developing countries not only because of poor internet access but also because such roles – that rely on information and communication technologies – increase with economic growth.
The report also states that In poorer countries, WFH is unlikely to save many jobs as “fewer workers will be able to continue their employment as usual.”
Notably, The report very clearly says that WFH isn’t the answer to the economic crisis COVID has caused.