On Wednesday, Union Cabinet approved the new system of education and change of name of Union HRD Ministry’s name to ‘Ministry of Education.’ In the change, the main motive is to meet the development needs and building certain interests in the students.
The curriculum consists of different stages where the development of the children will be put forth. Thus, it will replace the 10+2 structure to a more defined 5+3+3+4 system corresponding to ages 3-8,8-11,11-14 and 1-18 respectively. The different structures will include 12 years of school and three of pre-school or Anganwadi.
The stages in the structure include the foundational stage from age 3-8, followed by pre-primary education from 8-11, a preparatory stage from age 11-14, and the secondary stage from 14-18 years.
However, the NEP 2020 proposed the board exams will continue to be held for classes 10th and 12th but will be redesigned with a “holistic development”. Adding that the school students will take exams only for classes 3,5 and 8. Thus, the assessment will be shifted to a “regular and formative” style which will be more “competency-based” to promote learning and development testing “higher-order skills, such as analysis, critical thinking and conceptual clarity”.
According to the government statement, this policy aims at enhancing the learning skills from pre-school to secondary level with 100 percent GER. Different stages of the new academic structure are explained as:
- Foundational Stage (5 Yrs) – This stage is aimed for the children from 3-8 yrs consisting of the 3 years at pre-primary, playschools, kindergartens, or Anganwadi. This aims at multi-level play or activity-based learning.
- Preparatory Stage (3 Yrs) – This stage is aimed for the children from 8-11 yrs. The focus is shifted to discovery, play, and activity-based and interactive classroom learnings.
- Middle Stage (3 Yrs) – The stage is aimed for the students from 11-14 yrs. This will more defined structure of the learning consisting of mathematical arts, experimental learning in the sciences, humanities, and social sciences.
- Secondary Stage (4 Yrs) – This stage is aimed for the students from 14-18 yrs. The changes suggest flexibility in the students choice of subjects, greater critical thinking, and multi-disciplinary study.
“This will bring the hitherto uncovered age group of 3-6 years under the school curriculum, which has been recognized globally as the crucial stage for the development of mental faculties of a child. The new system will have 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi/pre-schooling”, states revised Education Ministry.
Summing up, National Educational Policy of 2020 includes:
- The new educational structure will include a 5+3+3+4 structure.
- The structure is classified into three stages – Foundational for the first 3-8 yrs, pre-primary for 8-11 yrs, preparatory for 11-14 yrs, and secondary for 14-18 yrs respectively.
- School students will take exams only for classes 3,5 and 8.
- NEP aimed at building development and skills in children at a young age.
- Board exams will continue to be held for classes 10th and 12th.